There are 33 different breeds of domestic cats.
The largest breed of cat is the Ragdoll and the smallest breed is the Singapura.
Indoor Cats live up to an average age of 15-20 years. However the average age of an outside cat is nearer 3-5 years due to all the dangers they encounter.
'Ailurophile' means cat lover.
The longest living cat to have been recorded was a tabby female cat that lived until she was 36 years old.
Most of the cats that are killed on the road are un-neutered tom cats as they tend to roam further from home crossing roads as they go.
The domestic cat is the only cat species able to hold its tail vertically while walking. All wild cats hold their tails horizontally or tucked between their legs.
There are now more cat owners than dog owners in Britain today.
Dogs have been human companions for about 10,000 years where as cats were only domesticated about 5,000 years ago.
Cats love high places. They share this love with wild cats who sleep in trees. If a cat begins to fall its inner ear canal, which controls balance, will help it right itself and land on its feet.
A falling cat will always land on its feet. First the head will rotate, then the spine will twist and the rear legs will align. The cat will arch its back to lesson the impact of landing.
An un-neutered female cat can have her first litter from as young as 6 months old. She can have up to 3 litters a year and be responsible for up to 20,000 descendants in a period of 5 years. This is why you should have your cat neutered.
Most cats prefer food that is at room temperature and will probably refuse food that is too hot or too cold.
Never feed your cat dog food. Cats need 5 times more protein than dogs do.
Cats will almost never meow at another cat, this sound is usually reserved for humans.
In greeting a cat will arch its back and head and hold its tail erect.
Cats have 5 pads on their front paws and 4 pads on their back paws.
A domestic cat can run up to 30 mph.
Cats eat grass to aid digestion and help get rid of fur in their stomach from grooming.
Cats have scent glands at the base of their ear and tail. They will deposit their scent on things to mark their territory.
Tortoiseshell coloured cats are all female.
When kittens are born their eyes are closed and they are deaf. Their eyes open and they begin to develop their hearing from between 5-10 days after birth. However their sight is not fully developed for another 3 months.
Cats can see in colour but they are partially colour blind.
A cats night vision is 5 times better than a human and they can see up to 120 feet away. Their pripheral vision is about 285 degrees.
Cats eyes shine in the dark because they have a reflective layer called a 'tapetum lucidum' which acts like a mirror and aids their site in low light.
A cats hearing is better than a dogs and humans.
Adult cats have 32 teeth.
Cats have 230 bones in their body, 25 more than humans.
A cats ear pivots 180 degrees. They have 30 ear muscles and use 12 or more of these to control their ear movement.
Cats have receptors in the tip of their nose which can determine the difference between warmth and cold.
The nose pad of a cat is ridged in a pattern that is unique, just like a human fingerprint.
The cats whiskers, 'vibrissae' are very important sensory organs and can be fanned out in front or to the side of the cats muzzle to sense objects close by.
Cats are the sleepiest of all mammals and can spend up to 16 hours a day sleeping. With that in mind a 7 year old cat has only been awake for 2 years of its life.
Cats spend 30% of their waking hours grooming themselves.
A group of kittens is called a 'kindle'. A group of cats is called a 'clowder'.
Cat mint or cat nip is a blue herbaceous plant that exudes the chemical nepetalactone, a very effective insect repellant. This is a plant that cats love the smell of and will roll around in for ages. It is used in a lot of cat toys.
Kittens can start to dream and purr from as early as 1 week old.
It is said that people who own pets are less stressed and live longer.
The gentle waving of a cats tail is a signal of pleasure.
Cats knead their paws in contentment and pleasure, a memory from kittenhood, kneading its mothers mammary glands when suckling milk.
Purring is a sign of pleasure but a louder, deeper purr can also be a sign of pain.
Cats have erector muscles which can cause their hair to stand on end and the tail to bush out, making the cat look twice its size. Cats will do this to frighten off enemies.
Cats keep their claws retracted and only use them to catch and kill prey and when walking on slippery surfaces.
Cats will hunt and kill prey whether they are well fed or not, it is a natural instinct. Kittens are taught by their mothers to hunt at an early age and even a house cat will hunt, even if it is only for moths and spiders.
The first cat show in England was held at Crystal Palace in 1871.